The Crooked Branch
by Elizabeth Gaskell
Not many years after the beginning of this century, a worthy couple of the name of Huntroyd occupied a small farm
in the North Riding of Yorkshire. They had married late in life, although they were very young when they first began
to 'keep company' with each other. Nathan Huntroyd had been farm-servant to Hester Rose's father, and had made
up to her at a time when her parents thought she might do better; and so, without much consultation of her feelings,
they had dismissed Nathan in somewhat cavalier fashion. He had drifted far away from his former connections,
when an uncle of his died, leaving Nathan—by this time upwards of forty years of age—enough money to stock a
small farm, and yet have something over, to put in the bank against bad times. One of the consequences of this
bequest was, that Nathan was looking out for a wife and housekeeper, in a kind of discreet and leisurely way, when
one day he heard that his old love, Hester, was not married and flourishing, as he had always supposed her to be,
but a poor maid-of-all-work, in the town of Ripon. For her father had had a succession of misfortunes, which had
brought him in his old age to the workhouse; her mother was dead; her only brother struggling to bring up a large
family; and Hester herself a hard-working, homely-looking (at thirty-seven) servant. Nathan had a kind of growling
satisfaction (which only lasted a minute or two, however) in hearing of these turns of fortune's wheel. He did not
make many intelligible remarks to his informant, and to no one else did he say a word. But, a few days afterwards,
he presented himself, dressed in his Sunday best, at Mrs Thompson's back-door in Ripon.
Hester stood there, in answer to the good sound knock his good sound oak-stick made: she, with the light full upon
her, he in shadow. For a moment there was silence. He was scanning the face and figure of his old love, for twenty
years unseen. The comely beauty of youth had faded away entirely; she was, as I have said, homely-looking,
plain-featured, but with a clean skin, and pleasant frank eyes. Her figure was no longer round, but tidily draped in a
blue and white bed-gown, tied round her waist by her white apron-strings, and her short red linsey petticoat showed
her tidy feet and ankles. Her former lover fell into no ecstasies. He simply said to himself, 'She'll do'; and forthwith
began upon his business.
'Hester, thou dost not mind me. I am Nathan, as thy father turned off at a minute's notice, for thinking of thee for a
wife, twenty year come Michaelmas next. I have not thought much upon matrimony since. But Uncle Ben has died
leaving me a small matter in the bank; and I have taken Nab-End Farm, and put in a bit of stock, and shall want a
missus to see after it. Wilt like to come? I'll not mislead thee. It's dairy, and it might have been arable. But arable
takes more horses nor it suited me to buy, and I'd the offer of a tidy lot of kine. That's all. If thou'll have me, I'll come
for thee as soon as the hay is gotten in'.
Hester only said, 'Come in, and sit thee down'.
He came in, and sat down. For a time, she took no more notice of him than of his stick, bustling about to get dinner
ready for the family whom she served. He meanwhile watched her brisk sharp movements, and repeated to himself,
'She'll do!' After about twenty minutes of silence thus employed, he got up, saying—
'Well, Hester, I'm going. When shall I come back again?'
'Please thysel', and thou'll please me,' said Hester, in a tone that she tried to make light and indifferent; but he saw
that her colour came and went, and that she trembled while she moved about. In another moment Hester was
soundly kissed; but, when she looked round to scold the middle-aged farmer, he appeared so entirely composed
that she hesitated. He said—
'I have pleased mysel', and thee too, I hope. Is it a month's wage, and a month's warning? To-day is the eighth. July
eighth is our wedding-day. I have no time to spend a-wooing before then, and wedding must na take long. Two days
is enough to throw away, at our time o' life.'
It was like a dream; but Hester resolved not to think more about it till her work was done. And when all was cleaned
up for the evening, she went and gave her mistress warning, telling her all the history of her life in a very few words.
That day month she was married from Mrs Thompson's house.
The issue of the marriage was one boy, Benjamin. A few years after his birth, Hester's brother died at Leeds, leaving
ten or twelve children. Hester sorrowed bitterly over this loss; and Nathan showed her much quiet sympathy,
although he could not but remember that Jack Rose had added insult to the bitterness of his youth. He helped his
wife to make ready to go by the waggon to Leeds. He made light of the household difficulties, which came thronging
into her mind after all was fixed for her departure. He filled her purse, that she might have wherewithal to alleviate
the immediate wants of her brother's family. And, as she was leaving, he ran after the waggon. 'Stop, stop!' he cried.
'Hetty, if thou wilt—if it wunnot be too much for thee—bring back one of Jack's wenches for company, like. We've
enough and to spare; and a lass will make the house winsome, as a man may say.'
The waggon moved on; while Hester had such a silent swelling of gratitude in her heart, as was both thanks to her
husband and thanksgiving to God.
And that was the way that little Bessy Rose came to be an inmate of the Nab's-End Farm.
Virtue met with its own reward in this instance, and in a clear and tangible shape, too; which need not delude people
in general into thinking that such is the usual nature of virtue's rewards! Bessy grew up a bright affectionate, active
girl; a daily comfort to her uncle and aunt. She was so much a darling in the household that they even thought her
worthy of their only son Benjamin, who was perfection in their eyes. It is not often the case that two plain, homely
people have a child of uncommon beauty; but it is so sometimes, and Benjamin Huntroyd was one of these
exceptional cases. The hard-working, labour-and-care-marked farmer, and the mother, who could never have been
more than tolerably comely in her best days, produced a boy who might have been an earl's son for grace and
beauty. Even the hunting squires of the neighbourhood reined up their horses to admire him, as he opened the
gates for them. He had no shyness, he was so accustomed from his earliest years to admiration from strangers and
adoration from his parents. As for Bessy Rose, he ruled imperiously over her heart from the time she first set eyes
on him. And, as she grew older, she grew on in loving, persuading herself that what her uncle and aunt loved so
dearly it was her duty to love dearest of all. At every unconscious symptom of the young girl's love for her cousin, his
parents smiled and winked: all was going on as they wished; no need to go far a-field for Benjamin's wife. The
household could go on as it was now; Nathan and Hester sinking into the rest of years, and relinquishing care and
authority to those dear ones, who, in the process of time, might bring other dear ones to share their love.
But Benjamin took it all very coolly. He had been sent to a day-school in the neighbouring town—a grammar-school
in the high state of neglect in which the majority of such schools were thirty years ago. Neither his father nor his
mother knew much of learning. All they knew (and that directed their choice of a school) was that they could not, by
any possibility, part with their darling to a boarding-school; that some schooling he must have, and that Squire
Pollard's son went to Highminster Grammar School. Squire Pollard1s son, and many another son destined to make
his parents' hearts ache, went to this school. If it had not been so utterly a bad place of education, the simple farmer
and his wife might have found it out sooner. But not only did the pupils there learn vice, they also learnt deceit.
Benjamin was naturally too clever to remain a dunce; or else, if he had chosen so to be, there was nothing in
Highminster Grammar School to hinder his being a dunce of the first water. But, to all appearance, he grew clever
and gentleman-like. His father and mother were even proud of his airs and graces, when he came home for the
holidays; taking them for proofs of his refinement, although the practical effect of such refinement was to make him
express his contempt for his parents' homely ways and simple ignorance. By the time he was eighteen, an articled
clerk in an attorney's office at Highminster,—for he had quite declined becoming a 'mere clod-hopper,' that is to say,
a hard-working, honest farmer like his father—Bessy Rose was the only person who was dissatisfied with him. The
little girl of fourteen instinctively felt there was something wrong about him. Alas! two years more, and the girl of
sixteen worshipped his very shadow, and would not see that aught could be wrong with one so soft-spoken, so
handsome, so kind as Cousin Benjamin. For Benjamin had discovered that the way to cajole his parents out of
money for every indulgence he fancied, was to pretend to forward their innocent scheme, and make love to his
pretty cousin, Bessy Rose. He cared just enough for her to make this work of necessity not disagreeable at the time
he was performing it. But he found it tiresome to remember her little claims upon him, when she was no longer
present. The letters he had promised her during his weekly absence at Highminster, the trifling commissions she
had asked him to do for her, were all considered in the light of troubles; and, even when he was with her, he
resented the inquiries she made as to his mode of passing his time, or what female acquaintances he had in
When his apprenticeship was ended, nothing would serve him but that he must go up to London for a year or two.
Poor Farmer Huntroyd was beginning to repent of his ambition of making his son Benjamin a gentleman. But it was
too late to repine now. Both father and mother felt this; and, however sorrowful they might be, they were silent,
neither demurring nor assenting to Benjamin's proposition when first he made it. But Bessy, through her tears,
noticed that both her uncle and aunt seemed unusually tired that night, and sat hand-in-hand on the fireside settle,
idly gazing into the bright flame, as if they saw in it pictures of what they had once hoped their lives would have
been. Bessy rattled about among the supper-things, as she put them away after Benjamin's departure, making more
noise than usual—as if noise and bustle was what she needed to keep her from bursting out crying—and, having at
one keen glance taken in the position and looks of Nathan and Hester, she avoided looking in that direction again,
for fear the sight of their wistful faces should make her own tears overflow.
'Sit thee down, lass—sit thee down! Bring the creepie-stool to the fireside, and let's have a bit of talk over the lad's
plans,' said Nathan, at last rousing himself to speak. Bessy came and sat down in front of the fire, and threw her
apron over her face, as she rested her head on both hands. Nathan felt as if it was a chance which of the two
women burst out crying first. So he thought he would speak, in hopes of keeping off the infection of tears.
'Didst ever hear of this mad plan afore, Bessy?'
'No, never!' Her voice came muffled and changed from under her apron. Hester felt as if the tone, both of question
and answer, implied blame; and this she could not bear.
'We should ha' looked to it when we bound him; for of necessity it would ha' come to this. There's examins, and
catechizes, and I dunno what all for him to be put through in London. It's not his fault.'
'Which on us said it were?' asked Nathan, rather put out. 'Tho', for that matter, a few weeks would carry him over
the mire, and make him as good a lawyer as any judge among 'em. Oud Lawson the attorney told me that, in a talk I
had wi' him a bit sin. Na, na! it's the lad's own hankering after London that makes him want for to stay there for a
year, let alone two.'
Nathan shook his head.
'And if it be his own hankering,' said Bessy, putting down her apron, her face all flame, and her eyes swollen up, 'I
dunnot see harm in it. Lads aren't like lasses, to be teed to their own fireside like th' crook yonder. It's fitting for a
young man to go abroad and see the world, afore he settles down.'
Hester's hand sought Bessy's; and the two women sat in sympathetic defiance of any blame that should be thrown
on the beloved absent. Nathan only said—
'Nay, wench, dunnot wax up so; whatten's done's done; and worse, it's my doing. I mun needs make my bairn a
gentleman; and we mun pay for it.'
'Dear Uncle! he wunna spend much, I'll answer for it; and I'll scrimp and save i' the house, to make it good.'
'Wench!' said Nathan Solemnly, 'it were not paying in cash I were speaking on: it were paying in heart's care, and
heaviness of soul. Lunnon is a place where the devil keeps court as well as King George; and my poor chap has
more nor once welly fallen into his clutches here. I dunno what he'll do, when he gets close within sniff of him.'
'Don't let him go, father!' said Hester, for the first time taking this view. Hitherto she had only thought of her own grief
at parting with him. 'Father, if you think so, keep him here, safe under your own eye!'
'Nay!' said Nathan, 'he's past time o' life for that. Why, there's not one on us knows where he is at this present time,
and he not gone out of our sight an hour. He's too big to be put back i' th' go-cart, mother, or to keep within doors,
with the chair turned bottom-upwards.'
'I wish he were a wee bairn lying in my arms again! It were a sore day when I weaned him; and I think life's been
gettin' sorer and sorer at every turn he's ta'en towards manhood.'
'Coom, lass; that's noan the way to be talking. Be thankful to Marcy that thou'st getten a man for thy son as stands
five foot eleven in's stockings, and ne1er a sick piece about him. We wunnot grudge him his fling, will we, Bess, my
wench? He'll be coming back in a year, or, may be, a bit more, and be a' for settling in a quiet town like, wi' a wife
that's noan so fur fra' me at this very minute. An' we oud folk, as we get into years, must gi' up farm, and tak a bit on
a house near Lawyer Benjamin.'
And so the good Nathan, his own heart heavy enough, tried to soothe his women-kind. But, of the three, his eyes
were longest in closing, his apprehensions the deepest founded.
'I misdoubt me I hanna done well by th' lad. I misdoubt me sore,' was the thought that kept him awake till day began
to dawn. 'Summat's wrong about him, or folk would na look me wi' such piteous-like een, when they speak on him. I
can see th' meaning of it, thof I'm too proud to let on. And Lawson, too, he holds his tongue more nor he should do,
when I ax him how my lad's getting on, and whatten sort of a lawyer he'll mak. God be marciful to Hester an' me, if
th' lad's gone away! God be marciful! But, may be, it's this lying waking a' the night through, that maks me so fearfu'.
Why, when I were his age, I daur be bound I should ha' spent money fast enoof, i' I could ha' come by iy. But I had
to arn it; that maks a great differ'. Well! It were hard to thwart th' child of our old age, and we waitin' so long for to
have 'un!' Next morning, Nathan rode Moggy, the cart-horse, into Highminster to see Mr Lawson. Anybody who saw
him ride out of his own yard would have been struck with the change in him which was visible when he returned: a
change greater than a day's unusual exercise should have made in a man of his years. He scarcely held the reins at
all. One jerk of Moggy's head would have plucked them out of his hands. His head was bent forward, his eyes
looking on some unseen thing, with long, unwinking gaze. But, as he drew near home on his return, he made an
effort to recover himself.
'No need fretting them,' he said; 'lads will be lads. But I didna think he had it in him to be so thowtless, young as he
is. Well, well! he'll, may be, get more wisdom i' Lunnon. Anyways, it's best to cut him off fra such evil lads as Will
Hawker, and such-like. It's they as have led my boy astray. He were a good chap till he knowed them—a good chap
till he knowed them.' But he put all his cares in the background, when he came into the house-place, where both
Bessy and his wife met him at the door, and both would fain lend a hand to take off his great-coat.
'Theer, wenches, theer! ye might let a man alone for to get out on's clothes! Why, I might ha' struck thee, lass. 'And
he went on talking, trying to keep them off for a time from the subject that all had at heart. But there was no putting
them off for ever; and, by dint of repeated questioning on his wife's part, more was got out than he had ever meant
to tell—enough to grieve both his hearers sorely: and yet the brave old man still kept the worst in his own breast.
The next day, Benjamin came home for a week or two, before making his great start to London. His father kept him
at a distance, and was solemn and quiet in his manner to the young man. Bessy, who had shown anger enough at
first, and had uttered many a sharp speech, began to relent, and then to feel hurt and displeased that her uncle
should persevere so long in his cold, reserved manner—and Benjamin just going to leave them! Her aunt went,
tremblingly busy, about the clothes-presses and drawers, as if afraid of letting herself think either of the past or the
future; only once or twice, coming behind her son, she suddenly stopped over his sitting figure, and kissed his
cheek, and stroked his hair. Bessy remembered afterwards—long years afterwards—how he had tossed his head
away with nervous irritability on one of these occasions, and had muttered—her aunt did not hear it, but Bessy did—
'Can't you leave a man alone?'
Towards Bessy herself he was pretty gracious. No other words express his manner.. it was not warm, nor tender,
nor cousinly, but there was an assumption of underbred politeness towards her as a young, pretty woman; which
politeness was neglected in his authoritative or grumbling manner towards his mother, or his sullen silence before
his father. He once or twice ventured on a compliment to Bessy on her personal appearance. She stood still, and
looked at him with astonishment.
'Have my eyes changed sin' last thou saw'st them,' she asked, ' that thou must be telling me about 'em i' that
fashion? I'd rayther by a deal see thee helping thy mother, when she's dropped her knitting-needle and canna see i'
th' dusk for to pick it up.'
But Bessy thought of his pretty speech about her eyes, long after he had forgotten making it, and when he would
have been puzzled to tell the colour of them. Many a day, after he was gone, did she look earnestly in the little
oblong looking-glass, which hung up against the wall of her little sleeping-chamber, but which she used to take down
in order to examine the eyes he had praised, murmuring to herself, 'Pretty, soft grey eyes! Pretty, soft grey eyes!'
until she would hang up the glass again, with a sudden laugh and a rosy blush.
In the days when he had gone away to the vague distance and vaguer place—the city called London—Bessy tried to
forget all that had gone against her feeling of the affection and duty that a son owed to his parents; and she had
many things to forget of this kind that would keep surging up into her mind. For instance, she wished that he had not
objected to the home-spun, home-made shirts which his mother and she had had such pleasure in getting ready for
him. He might not know, it was true—and so her love urged—how carefully and evenly the thread had been spun:
how, not content with bleaching the yarn in the sunniest meadow, the linen, on its return from the weaver's, had
been spread out afresh on the sweet summer grass, and watered carefully, night after night, when there was no
dew to perform the kindly office. He did not know—for no one but Bessy herself did—how many false or large
stitches, made large and false by her aunt's failing eyes (who yet liked to do the choicest part of the stitching all by
herself), Bessy had unpicked at night in her own room, and with dainty fingers had re-stitched; sewing eagerly in the
dead of night. All this he did not know; or he could never have complained of the coarse texture, the old-fashioned
make of these shirts, and urged on his mother to give him part of her little store of egg- and butter-money, in order
to buy newer-fashioned linen in Highminster.
When once that little precious store of his mother's was discovered, it was well for Bessy's peace of mind that she
did not know how loosely her aunt counted up the coins, mistaking guineas for shillings, or just the other way, so that
the amount was seldom the same in the old black spoutless teapot. Yet this son, this hope, this love, had still a
strange power of fascination over the household. The evening before he left, he sat between his parents, a hand in
theirs on either side, and Bessy on the old creepie-stool, her head lying on her aunt's knee, and looking up at him
from time to time, as if to learn his face off by heart; till his glances, meeting hers, made her drop her eyes, and only
He stopped up late that night with his father, long after the women had gone to bed. But not to sleep; for I will
answer for it the grey-haired mother never slept a wink till the late dawn of the autumn day; and Bessy heard her
uncle come upstairs with heavy, deliberate footsteps, and go to the old stocking which served him for bank, and
count out the golden guineas; once he stopped, but again he went on afresh, as if resolved to crown his gift with
liberality. Another long pause—in which she could but indistinctly hear continued words, it might have been advice, it
might be a prayer, for it was in her uncle's voice—and then father and son came up to bed. Bessy's room was but
parted from her cousin's by a thin wooden partition; and the last sound she distinctly heard, before her eyes, tired
out with crying, closed themselves in sleep, was the guineas clinking down upon each other at regular intervals, as if
Benjamin were playing at pitch and toss with his father's present.
After he was gone, Bessy wished to he had asked her to walk part of the way with him into Highminster. She was all
ready, her things laid out on the bed; but she could not accompany him without invitation.
The little household tried to close over the gap as best they might. They seemed to set themselves to their daily
work with unusual vigour; but somehow, when evening came there had been little done. Heavy hearts never make
light work, and there was no telling how much care and anxiety each had had to bear in secret in the field, at the
wheel, or in the dairy. Formerly, he was looked for every Saturday—looked for, though he might not come; or, if he
came, there were things to be spoken about that made his visit anything but a pleasure: still, he might come, and all
things might go right; and then what sunshine, what gladness to those humble people! But now he was away, and
dreary winter was come on; old folks' sight fails, and the evenings were long and sad, in spite of all Bessy could do
or say. And he did not write so often as he might—so each one thought; though each one would have been ready to
defend him from either of the others who had expressed such a thought aloud. 'Surely,' said Bessy to herself, when
the first primroses peeped out in a sheltered and sunny hedge-bank, and she gathered them as she passed home
from afternoon church—surely, there never will be such a dreary, miserable winter again as this has been.' There
had been a great change in Nathan and Hester Huntroyd during this last year. The spring before, when Benjamin
was yet the subject of more hopes than fears, his father and mother looked what I may call an elderly middle-aged
couple: people who had a good deal of hearty work in them yet. Now—it was not his absence alone that caused the
change—they looked frail and old, as if each day's natural trouble was a burden more than they could bear. For
Nathan had heard sad reports about his only child, and had told them solemnly to his wife—as things too bad to be
believed, and yet, 'God help us if he is indeed such a lad as this!' Their eyes were become too dry and hollow for
many tears; they sat together, hand in hand; and shivered, and sighed, and did not speak many words, or dare to
look at each other: and then Hester had said—
'We mauna tell th' lass. Young folks' hearts break wi' a little, and she'd be apt to fancy it were true.' Here the old
woman's voice broke into a kind of piping cry; but she struggled, and her next words were all right. 'We mauna tell
her: he's bound to be fond on her, and, may be, if she thinks well on him, and loves him, it will bring him straight!'
'God grant it !' said Nathan.
'God shall grant it!' said Hester, passionately moaning out her words; and then repeating them, alas! with a vain
'It's a bad place for lying, is Highminster,' said she at length, as if impatient of the silence. 'I never knowed such a
place for getting up stories. But Bessy knows nought on 'em and nother you nor me belie'es 'em, that's one
But, if they did not in their hearts believe them, how came they to look so sad and worn, beyond what mere age
could make them?
Then came round another year, another winter, yet more miserable than the last. This year, with the primroses,
came Benjamin; a bad, hard, flippant young man, with yet enough of specious manners and handsome
countenance to make his appearance striking at first to those to whom the aspect of a London fast young man of the
lowest order is strange and new. Just at first, as he sauntered in with a swagger and an air of indifference, which
was partly assumed, partly real, his old parents felt a simple kind of awe of him, as if he were not their son, but a
real gentleman; but they had too much fine instinct in their homely natures not to know, after a very few minutes had
passed, that this was not a true prince.
'Whatten ever does he mean,' said Hester to her niece, as soon as they were alone, 'by a' them maks and
wear-locks? And he minces his words, as if his tongue were clipped short, or split like a magpie's. Hech! London is
as bad as a hot day i' August for spoiling good flesh; for he were a good-looking lad when he went up; and now, look
at him, with his skin gone into lines and flourishes, just like the first page on a copybook.'
'I think he looks a good deal better, aunt, for them new-fashioned whiskers!' said Bessy, blushing still at the
remembrance of the kiss he had given her on first seeing her—a pledge, she thought, poor girl, that, in spite of his
long silence in letter-writing, he still looked upon her as his troth-plight wife. There were things about him which none
of them liked, although they never spoke of them; yet there was also something to gratify them in the way in which
he remained quiet at Nab-End, instead of seeking variety, as he had formerly done, by constantly stealing off to the
neighbouring town. His father had paid all the debts that he knew of, soon after Benjamin had gone up to London;
so there were no duns that his parents knew of to alarm him, and keep him at home. And he went out in the morning
with the old man, his father, and lounged by his side, as Nathan went round his fields, with busy yet infirm gait;
having heart, as he would have expressed it, in all that was going on, because at length his son seemed to take an
interest in the farming affairs, and stood patiently by his side, while he compared his own small galloways with the
great shorthorns looming over his neighbour's hedge.
'It's a slovenly way, thou seest, that of selling th' milk; folk don't care whether its good or not, so that they get their
pint-measure of stuff that's watered afore it leaves th' beast, instead o' honest cheating by the help o' th' pump. But
look at Bessy's butter, what skill it shows! part her own manner o' making, and part good choice o' cattle. It's a
pleasure to see her basket, a' packed ready to go to market; and it's noan o' a pleasure for to see the buckets fu' of
their blue starch-water as yon beasts give. I'm thinking they crossed th' breed wi' a pump not long sin'. Hech! but our
Bessy's a clever canny wench! I sometimes think thou'lt be for gie'ing up th' law, and taking to th' oud trade, when
thou wedst wi' her!' This was intended to be a skilful way of ascertaining whether there was any ground for the old
farmer's wish and prayer, that Benjamin might give up the law and return to the primitive occupation of his father.
Nathan dared to hope it now, since his son had never made much by his profession, owing, as he had said, to his
want of a connection; and the farm, and the stock, and the clean wife, too, were ready to his hand; and Nathan
could safely rely on himself never, in his most unguarded moments, to reproach his son with the hardly-earned
hundreds that had been spent on his education. So the old man listened with painful interest to the answer which his
son was evidently struggling to make, coughing a little and blowing his nose before he spoke.
'Well, you see, father, law is a precarious livelihood; a man, as I may express myself, has no chanes in the
profession unless he is known—known to the judges, and tip-top barristers, and that sort of thing. Now, you see, my
mother and you have no acquaintance that you may call exactly in that line. But luckily I have met with a man, a
friend, as I may say, who is really a first-rate fellow, knowing everybody, from the Lord Chancellor downwards; and
he has offered me a share in his business—a partnership, in short'—He hesitated a little.
'I'm sure that's uncommon kind of the gentleman,' said Nathan. I should like for to thank him mysen; for it's not many
as would pick up a young chap out o' th' dirt, as it were, and say "Here's hauf my good fortune for you, sir, and your
very good health!" Most on 'em when they're gettin' a bit o' luck, run off wi' it to keep it a' to themselves, and gobble
it down in a corner. What may be his name? for I should like to know it.'
'You don't quite apprehend me, father. A great deal of what you've said is true to the letter. People don't like to
share their good luck, as you say.'
'The more credit to them as does,' broke in Nathan.
'Ay, but, you see, even such a fine fellow as my friend Cavendish does not like to give away half his good practice
for nothing. He expects an equivalent.'
'"An equivalent?"' said Nathan; his voice had dropped down an octave.' And what may that be? There's always
some meaning in grand words, I take it; though I am not book-larned enough to find it out.'
'Why, in this case, the equivalent he demands for taking me into partnership, and afterwards relinquishing the whole
business to me, is three hundred pounds down.'
Benjamin looked sideways from under his eyes, to see how his father took the proposition. His father struck his stick
deep down in the ground; and, leaning one hand upon it, faced round at him.
'Then thy fine friend may go and be hanged. Three hunder pounds! I'll be darned an' danged too, if I know where to
get 'em, if I'd be making a fool o' thee an' mysen too.'
He was out of breath by this time. His son took his father's first words in dogged silence; it was but the burst of
surprise he had led himself to expect, and did not daunt him for long.
'I should think, sir'—
'"Sir"—whatten for dost thou "sir" me? Is them your manners? I'm plain Nathan Huntroyd, who never took on to be a
gentleman; but I have paid my way up to this time, which I shannot do much longer, if I'm to have a son coming an'
asking me for three hundred pound, just meet same as if I were a cow, and had nothing to do but let down my milk
to the first person as strokes me.'
'Well, father,' said Benjamin, with an affectation of frankness; 'then there's nothing for me but to do as I have often
planned before—go and emigrate.'
'And what?' said his father, looking sharply and steadily at him.
'Emigrate. Go to America, or India, or some colony where there would be an opening for a young man of spirit.'
Benjamin had reserved this proposition for his trump card, expecting by means of it to carry all before him. But, to
his surprise, his father plucked his stick out of the hole he had made when he so vehemently thrust it into the
ground, and walked on four or five steps in advance; there he stood still again, and there was a dead silence for a
'It 'ud, may be, be the best thing thou couldst do,' the father began. Benjamin set his teeth hard to keep in curses. It
was well for poor Nathan he did not look round then, and see the look his son gave him. 'But it would come hard like
upon us, upon Hester and me; for, whether thou'rt a good 'un or not, thou'rt our flesh and blood, our only bairn; and,
if thou'rt not all as a man could wish, it's, may be, been the fault on our pride i' the—It 'ud kill the missus, if he went
off to Amerikay, and Bess, too, the lass as thinks so much on him!' The speech, originally addressed to his son, had
wandered off into a monologue—as keenly listened to by Benjamin, however, as if it had all been spoken to him.
After a pause of consideration, his father turned round:
'Yon man—I wunnot call him a friend o' yourn, to think of asking you for such a mint o' money—is not th' only one, I'll
be bound, as could give ye a start i' the law? Other folks 'ud, may be, do it for less?'
'Not one of 'em; to give me equal advantages,' said Benjamin, thinking he perceived signs of relenting.
'Well, then, thou may'st tell him that it's nother he nor thee as 'll see th' sight o' three hundred pound o' my money.
I'll not deny as I've a bit laid up again' a rainy day; it's not so much as thatten, though; and a part on it is for Bessy,
as has been like a daughter to us.'
'But Bessy is to be your real daughter some day, when I've a home to take her to,' said Benjamin; for he played very
fast and loose, even in his own mind, with his engagement with Bessy. Present with her, when she was looking her
brightest and best, he behaved to her as if they were engaged lovers; absent from her, he looked upon her rather
as a good wedge, to be driven into his parents' favour on his behalf Now, however, he was not exactly untrue in
speaking as if he meant to make her his wife; for the thought was in his mind, though he made use of it to work upon
'It will be a dree day for us, then,' said the old man. 'But God'll have us in His keeping, and'll, may-happen, be taking
more care on us i' heaven by that time than Bess, good lass as she is, has had on us at Nab-End. Her heart is set
on thee, too. But, lad, I hanna gotten the three hunder; I keeps my cash i' th' stocking, thous know'st, till it reaches
fifty pound, and then I takes it to Ripon Bank. Now the last scratch they'n gi'en me made it just two-hunder, and I
hanna but on to fifteen pound yet i' the stockin', and I meant one hunder an' the red cow's calf to be for Bess, she's
ta'en such pleasure like i' rearing it'.
Benjamin gave a sharp glance at his father, to see if he was telling the truth; and, that a suspicion of the old man, his
father, had entered into the son's head, tells enough of his own character.
'I canna do it, I canna do it, for sure; although I shall like to think as I had helped on the wedding. There's the black
heifer to be sold yet, and she'll fetch a matter of ten pound; but a deal on't will be needed for seed-corn, for the
arable did but bad last year, and I thought I would try—I'll tell thee what, lad! I'll make it as though Bess lent thee her
hunder, only thou must give her a writ of hand for it; and thou shalt have a' the money i' Ripon Bank, and see if the
lawyer wunnot let thee have a share of what he offered thee at three hunder for two. I dunnot mean for to wrong
him; but thou must get a fair share for the money. At times, I think thou'rt done by folk; now I wadna have you cheat
a bairn of a brass farthing; same time, I wadna have thee so soft as to be cheated.'
To explain this, it should be told that some of the bills, which Benjamin had received money from his father to pay,
had been altered so as to cover other and less creditable expenses which the young man had incurred; and the
simple old farmer, who had still much faith left in him for his boy, was acute enough to perceive that he had paid
above the usual price for the articles he had purchased.
After some hesitation, Benjamin agreed to receive the two hundred, and promised to employ it to the best
advantage in setting himself up in business. He had, nevertheless, a strange hankering after the additional fifteen
pounds that was left to accumulate in the stocking. It was his, he thought, as heir to his father; and he soon lost
some of his usual complaisance for Bessy that evening, as he dwelt on the idea that there was money being laid by
for her, and grudged it to her even in imagination. He thought more of this fifteen pounds that he was not to have
than of all the hardly-earned and humbly-saved two hundred that he was to come into possession of. Meanwhile,
Nathan was in unusual spirits that evening. He was so generous and affectionate at heart, that he had an
unconscious satisfaction in having helped two people on the road to happiness by the sacrifice of the greater part of
his property. The very fact of having trusted his son so largely seemed to make Benjamin more worthy of trust in his
father's estimation. The sole idea he tried to banish was, that, if all came to pass as he hoped, both Benjamin and
Bessy would be settled far away from Nab-End; but then he had a child-like reliance that 'God would take care of
him and his missus, somehow or anodder. It wur o' no use looking too far ahead.'
Bessy had to hear many unintelligible jokes from her uncle that night, for he made no doubt that Benjamin had told
her all that had passed.' whereas the truth was, his son had said never a word to his cousin on the subject.
When the old couple were in bed, Nathan told his wife of the promise he had made to his son, and the plan in life
which the advance of the two hundred was to promote. Poor Hester was a little startled at the sudden change in the
destination of the sum, which she had long thought of with secret pride as money i' th' bank'. But she was willing
enough to part with it, if necessary, for Benjamin. Only, how such a sum could be necessary, was the puzzle. But
even the perplexity was jostled out of her mind by the overwhelming idea, not only of 'our Ben' settling in London,
but of Bessy going there too as his wife. This great trouble swallowed up all care about money, and Hester shivered
and sighed all the night through with distress. In the morning, as Bessy was kneading the bread, her aunt, who had
been sitting by the fire in an unusual manner, for one of her active habits, said—
'I reckon we maun go to th' shop for our bread; an' that's a thing I never thought to come to so long as I lived.'
Bessy looked up from her kneading, surprised.
'I'm sure, I'm noan going to cat their nasty stuff. What for do ye want to get baker's bread, aunt? This dough will rise
as high as a kite in a south wind.'
'I'm not up to kneading as I could do once; it welly breaks my back; and, when tou'rt off in London, I reckon we maun
buy our bread, first time in my life.'
'I'm not a-goin to London,' said Bessy, kneading away with fresh resolution, and growing very red, either with the
idea or the exertion.
'But our Ben is going partner wi' a great London lawyer; and thou know'st he'll not tarry long but what he'll fetch
'Now, aunt,' said Bessy, stripping her arms of the dough, but still not looking up, 'if that's all, don't fret yourself Ben
will have twenty minds in his head, afore he settles, eyther in business or in wedlock. I sometimes wonder,' she said,
with increasing vehemence, 'why I go on thinking on him; for I dunnot think he thinks on me, when I'm out o' sight.
I've a month's mind to try and forget him this time, when he leaves us—that I have!'
'For shame, wench! and he to be planning and purposing, all for thy sake! It wur only yesterday as he wur talking to
thy uncle, and mapping it out so clever; only, thou seest, wench, it'll be dree work for us when both thee and him is
The old woman began to cry the kind of tearless cry of the aged. Bessy hastened to comfort her; and the two talked,
and grieved, and hoped, and planned for the days that now were to be, till they ended, the one in being consoled,
the other in being secretly happy.
Nathan and his son came back from Highminster that evening, with their business transacted in the round-about
way which was most satisfactory to the old man. If he had thought it necessary to take half as much pains in
ascertaining the truth of the plausible details by which his son bore out the story of the offered partnership, as he did
in trying to get his money conveyed to London in the most secure manner, it would have been well for him. But he
knew nothing of all this, and acted in the way which satisfied his anxiety best. Hecame home tired, but content; not in
such high spirits as on the night before, but as easy in his mind as he could be on the eve of his son's departure.
Bessy, pleasantly agitated by her aunt's tale of the morning of her cousin's true love for her ('what ardently we wish
we long believe') and the plan which was to end in their marriage—end to her, the woman, at least—looked almost
pretty in her bright, blushing comeliness, and more than once, as she moved about from kitchen to dairy, Benjamin
pulled her towards him, and gave her a kiss. To all such proceedings the old couple were wilfully blind; and, as night
drew on, every one became sadder and quieter, thinking of the parting that was to be on the morrow. As the hours
slipped away, Bessy too became subdued; and, by and by, her simple cunning was exerted to get Benjamin to sit
down next his mother, whose very heart was yearning after him, as Bessy saw. When once her child was placed by
her side, and she had got possession of his hand, the old woman kept stroking it, and murmuring long unused
words of endearment, such as she had spoken to him while he was yet a little child. But all this was wearisome to
him. As long as he might play with, and plague, and caress Bessy, he had not been sleepy; but now he yawned
loudly. Bessy could have boxed his cars for not curbing this gaping; at any rate, he need not have done it so openly
- so almost ostentatiously. His mother was more pitiful.
'Thou'rt tired, my lad!' said she, putting her hand fondly on his shoulder; but it fell off, as he stood up suddenly, and
'Yes, deuced tired! I'm off to bed.' And with a rough, careless kiss all round, even to Bessy, as if he was 'deuced
tired' of playing the lover, he was gone; leaving the three to gather up their thoughts slowly, and follow him upstairs.
He seemed almost impatient at them for rising betimes to see him off the next morning, and made no more of a
good-bye than some such speech as this: 'Well, good folk, when next I see you, I hope you'll have merrier faces
than you have to-day. Why, you might be going to a funeral; it's enough to scare a man from the place; you look
quite ugly to what you did last night, Bess.'
He was gone; and they turned into the house, and settled to the long day's work without many words about their
loss. They had no time for unnecessary talking, indeed; for much had been left undone, during his short visit, that
ought to have been done, and they had now to work double tides. Hard work was their comfort for many a long day.
For some time Benjamin's letters, if not frequent, were full of exultant accounts of his well-doing. It is true that the
details of his prosperity were somewhat vague; but the fact was broadly and unmistakenly stated. Then came longer
pauses; shorter letters, altered in tone. About a year after he had left them, Nathan received a letter which
bewildered and irritated him exceedingly. Something had gone wrong—what, Benjamin did not say—but the letter
ended with a request that was almost a demand, for the remainder of his father's savings, whether in the stocking or
in the bank. Now, the year had not been prosperous with Nathan; there had been an epidemic among cattle, and he
had suffered along with his neighbours; and, moreover, the price of cows, when he had bought some to repair his
wasted stock, was higher than he had ever remembered it before. The fifteen pounds in the stocking, which
Benjamin left, had diminished to little more than three; and to have that required of him in so peremptory a manner!
Before Nathan imparted the contents of this letter to anyone (Bessy and her aunt had gone to market in a
neighbour's cart that day), he got pen and ink and paper, and wrote back an ill-spelt, but very explicit and stem
negative. Benjamin had had his portion; and if he could not make it do, so much the worse for him; his father had no
more to give him. That was the substance of the letter.
The letter was written, directed, and sealed, and given to the country postman, returning to Highminster after his
day's distribution and collection of letters, before Hester and Bessy came back from market. It had been a pleasant
day of neighbourly meeting and sociable gossip; prices had been high, and they were in good spirits—only
agreeably tired, and full of small pieces of news. It was some time before they found out how flatly all their talk fell on
the cars of the stay-at-home listener. But, when they saw that his depression was caused by something beyond their
powers of accounting for by any little every-day cause, they urged him to tell them what was the matter. His anger
had not gone off. It had rather increased by dwelling upon it, and he spoke it out in good, resolute terms; and, long
ere he had ended, the two women were as sad, if not as angry, as himself. Indeed, it was many days before either
feeling wore away in the minds of those who entertained them. Bessy was the soonest comforted, because she
found a vent for her sorrow in action: action that was half as a kind of compensation for many a sharp word that she
had spoken, when her cousin had done anything to displease her on his last visit, and half because she believed
that he never could have written such a letter to his father, unless his want of money had been very pressing and
real; though how he could ever have wanted money so soon, after such a heap of it had been given to him, was
more than she could justly say. Bessy got out all her savings of little presents of sixpences and shillings, ever since
she had been a child—of all the money she had gained for the eggs of two hens, called her own; she put the whole
together, and it was above two pounds—two pounds five and seven-pence, to speak accurately—and, leaving out
the penny as a nest-egg for her future savings, she made up the rest in a little parcel, and sent it, with a note, to
Benjamin's address in London:
'From a well-wisher.
'Dr BENJAMIN,—Unkle has lost 2 cows and a vast of monney. He is a good deal Angored, but more Troubled. So no
more at present. Hopeing this will finding you well As it leaves us. Tho' lost to Site, To Memory Dear. Repayment not
kneeded.—Your effectonet cousin,
When this packet was once fairly sent off, Bessy began to sing again over her work. She never expected the mere
form of acknowledgement; indeed, she had such faith in the carrier (who took parcels to York, whence they were
forwarded to London by coach), that she felt sure he would go on purpose to London to deliver anything intrusted to
him, if he had not full confidence in the person, persons, coach and horses, to whom he committed it. Therefore she
was not anxious that she did not hear of its arrival. 'Giving a thing to a man as one knows,' said she to herself, 'is a
vast different to poking a thing through a hole into a box, th' inside of which one has never clapped eyes on; and yet
letters get safe, some ways or another.' (The belief in the infallibility of the post was destined to a shock before
long.) But she had a secret yearning for Benjamin's thanks, and some of the old words of love that she had been
without so long. Nay, she even thought—when, day after day, week after week, passed by without a line—that he
might be winding up his affairs in that weary, wasteful London, and coming back to Nab-End to thank her in person.
One day—her aunt was upstairs, inspecting the summer's make of cheeses, her uncle out in the fields—the postman
brought a letter into the kitchen to Bessy. A country postman, even now, is not much pressed for time; and in those
days there were but few letters to distribute, and they were only sent out from Highminster once a week into the
district in which Nab-End was situated; and, on those occasions, the letter-carrier usually paid morning calls on the
various people for whom he had letters. So, half-standing by the dresser, half-sitting on it, he began to rummage out
'It's a queer-like thing I've got for Nathan this time. I am afraid it will bear ill news in it; for there's 'Dead Letter Office'
stamped on the top of it.'
'Lord save us!' said Bessy, and sat down on the nearest chair, as white as a sheet. In an instant, however, she was
up; and, snatching the ominous letter out of the man's hands, she pushed him before her out of the house, and said,
'Be off wi' thee, afore aunt comes down'; and ran past him as hard as she could, till she reached the field where she
expected to find her uncle.
'Uncle,' said she, breathiess, 'what is it? Oh, uncle, speak! Is he dead?'
Nathan's hands trembled, and his eyes dazzled, 'Take it,' he. said, 'and tell me what it is.'
'It's a letter—it's from you to Benjamin, it is—and there's words written on it, 'Not known at the address given;' so
they've sent it back to the writer—that's you, uncle. Oh, it gave me such a start, with them nasty words written
Nathan had taken the letter back into his own hands, and was turning it over, while he strove to understand what the
quick-witted Bessy had picked up at a glance. But he arrived at a different conclusion.
'He's dead!' said he. 'The lad is dead, and he never knowed how as I were sorry I wrote to 'un so sharp. My lad! my
lad!' Nathan sat down on the ground where he stood, and covered his face with his old, withered hands. The letter
returned to him was one which he had written, with infinite pains and at various times, to tell his child, in kinder
words and at greater length than he had done before, the reasons why he could not send him the money
demanded. And now Benjamin was dead; nay, the old man immediately jumped to the conclusion that his child had
been starved to death, without money, in a wild, wide, strange place. All he could say at first was—
'My heart, Bess—my heart is broken!' And he put his hand to his side, still keeping his shut eyes covered with the
other, as though he never wished to see the light of day again. Bessy was down by his side in an instant, holding
him in her arms, chafing and kissing him.
'It's noan so bad, uncle; he's not dead; the letter does not say that, dunnot think it. He's flitted from that lodging, and
the lazy tykes dunna know where to find him; and so they just send y' back th' letter, instead of trying fra' house to
house, as Mark Benson would. I've alwayds heerd tell on south-country folk for laziness. He's noan dead, uncle; he's
just flitted; and he'll let us know afore long where he's gotten to. May be, it's a cheaper place; for that lawyer has
cheated him, ye reck'lect, and he'll be trying to live for as little as he can, that's all, uncle. Dunnot take on so; for it
doesna say he's dead.'
By this time Bessy was crying with agitation, although she firmly believed in her own view of the case, and had felt
the opening of the ill-favoured letter as a great relief. Presently she began to urge, both with word and action, upon
her uncle, that he should sit no longer on the damp grass, She pulled him up; for he was very stiff, and, as he said,
'all shaken to dithers.' She made him walk about, repeating over and over again her solution of the case, always in
the same words, beginning again and again, 'He's noan dead; it's just been a flitting,' and so on. Nathan shook his
head, and tried to be convinced; but it was a steady belief in his own heart for all that. He looked so deathly ill on his
return home with Bessy (for she would not let him go on with his day's work), that his wife made sure he had taken
cold; and he, weary and indifferent to life, was glad to subside into bed and the rest from exertion which his real
bodily illness gave him. Neither Bessy nor he spoke of the letter again, even to each other, for many days; and she
found means to stop Mark Benson's tongue and satisfy his kindly curiously, by giving him the rosy side of her own
view of the case.
Nathan got up again, an older man in looks and constitution by ten years for that week of bed. His wife gave him
many a scolding on his imprudence for sitting down in the wet field, if ever so tired. But now she, too, was beginning
to be uneasy at Benjamin's long-continued silence. She could not write herself; but she urged her husband many a
time to send a letter to ask for news of her lad. He said nothing in reply for some time; at length, he told her he
would write next Sunday afternoon. Sunday was his general day for writing, and this Sunday he meant to go to
church for the first time since his illness. On Saturday he was very persistent, against his wife's wishes (backed by
Bessy as hard as she could), in resolving to go into Highminster to market. The change would do him good, he said.
But he came home tired, and a little mysterious in his ways. When he went to the shippon the last thing at night, he
asked Bessy to go with him, and hold the lantern, while he looked at an ailing cow; and, when they were fairly out of
the car-shot of the house, he pulled a little shop-parcel from his pocket and said—
'Thou'lt put that on ma Sunday hat, wilt 'on, lass? It'll be a bit on a comfort to me; for I know my lad's dead and gone,
though I dunna speak on it, for fear o' grieving th' old woman and ye.'
'I'll put it on, uncle, if—But he's noan dead.' (Bessy was sobbing.)
'I know—I know, lass. I dunnot wish other folk to hold my opinion; but Id like to wear a bit o' crape out o' respect to
my boy. It 'ud have done me good for to have ordered a black coat; but she'd see if I had na' on my wedding-coat,
Sundays, for a' she's losing her eyesight, poor old wench! But she'll ne'er take notice o' a bit o' crape. Thou'lt put it
on all canny and tidy.'
So Nathan went to church with a strip of crape, as narrow as Bessy durst venture to make it, round his hat. Such is
the contradictoriness of human nature that, though he was most anxious his wife should not hear of his conviction
that their son was dead, he was half-hurt that none of his neighbours noticed his sign of mourning so far as to ask
him for whom he wore it.
But after a while, when they never heard a word from or about Benjamin, the household wonder as to what had
become of him grew so painful and strong, that Nathan no longer kept the idea to himself Poor Hester, however,
rejected it with her whole will, heart, and soul. She could and would not believe—nothing should make her believe -
that her only child Benjamin had died without some sign of love or farewell to her. No arguments could shake her in
this. She believed that, if all natural means of communication between her and him had been cut off at the last
supreme moment—if death had come upon him in an instant, sudden and unexpected—her intense love would have
been supernaturally made conscious of the blank. Nathan at times tried to feel glad that she should still hope to see
the lad again; but at other moments he wanted her sympathy in his grief, his self-reproach, his weary wonder as to
how and what they had done wrong in the treatment of their son, that he had been such a care and sorrow to his
parents. Bessy was convinced, first by her aunt, and then by her uncle—honestly convinced—on both sides of the
argument, and so, for the time, able to sympathise with each. But she lost her youth in a very few months; she
looked set and middle-aged, long before she ought to have done, and rarely smiled and never sang again.
All sorts of new arrangements were required by the blow which told so miserably upon the energies of all the
household at Nab-End. Nathan could no longer go about and direct his two men, taking a good rum of work himself
at busy times. Hester lost her interest in the dairy; for which, indeed, her increasing loss of sight unfitted her. Bessy
would either do field-work, or attend to the cows and the shippon, or chum, or make cheese; she did all well, no
longer merrily, but with something of stem cleverness. But she was not sorry when her uncle, one evening, told her
aunt and her that a neighbouring farmer, job Kirkby, had made him an offer to take so much of his land off his hands
as would leave him only pasture enough for two cows, and no arable to attend to; while Farmer Kirkby did not wish
to interfere with anything in the house, only would be glad to use some of the out-building for his Battening cattle.
'We can do wi' Hawky and Daisy; it'll leave us eight or ten pound o' butter to take to market i' summer time, and keep
us fra' thinking too much, which is what I'm dreading on as I get into years.'
'Ay,' said his wife. 'Thou'll not have to go so far a-field, if it's only the Aster-Toft as is on thy hands. And Bess will
have to gie up her pride i' cheese, and tak' to making cream-butter. I'd allays a fancy for trying at cream-butter; but
th' whey had to be used; else, where I come fra', they'd never ha' looked near whey-butter.'
When Hester was left alone with Bessy, she said, in allusion to this change of plan—
'I'm thankful to the Lord that it is as it is; for I were allays afeared Nathan would have to gie up the house and farm
altogether, and then the lad would na know where to find us when he came back fra' Merikay. He's gone there for to
make his fortune, I'll be bound. Keep up thy heart, lass, he'll be home some day; and have sown his wild oats. Eh!
but thatten's a pretty story i' the Gospel about the Prodigal, who'd to cat the pigs' vittle at one time, but ended i'
clover in his father's house. And I'm sure our Nathan 'll be ready to forgive him, and love him, and make much of
him—may be, a deal more nor me, who never gave in to 's death. It'll be liken to a resurrection to our Nathan.'
Farmer Kirkby, then, took by far the greater part of the land belonging to Nab-End Farm; and the work about the
rest, and about the two remaining cows, was easily done by three pairs of willing hands, with a little occasional
assistance. The Kirkby family were pleasant enough to have to deal with. There was a son, a stiff, grave bachelor,
who was very particular and methodical about his work, and rarely spoke to any one. But Nathan took it into his
head that John Kirkby was looking after Bessy, and was a good deal troubled in his mind in consequence; for it was
the first time he had to face the effects of his belief in his son's death; and he discovered, to his own surprise, that
he had not that implicit faith which would make it easy for him to look upon Bessy as the wife of another man than
the one to whom she had been betrothed in her youth. As, however, John Kirkby seemed in no hurry to make his
intentions (if indeed he had any) clear to Bessy, it was only now and then that his jealousy on behalf of his lost son
seized upon Nathan.
But people, old, and in deep hopeless sorrow, grow irritable at times, however they may repent and struggle against
their irritability. There were days when Bessy had to bear a good deal from her uncle; but she loved him so dearly
and respected him so much, that, high as her temper was to all other people, she never returned him a rough or
impatient word. And she had a reward in the conviction of his deep, true affection for her, and her aunt's entire and
most sweet dependence upon her.
One day, however—it was near the end of November—Bessy had had a good deal to bear, that seemed more than
usually unreasonable, on the part of her uncle. The truth was, that one of Kirkby's cows was ill, and John Kirkby was
a good deal about in the farmyard; Bessy was interested about the animal, and had helped in preparing a mash
over their own fire, that had to be given warm to the sick creature. If John had been out of the way, there would
have been no one more anxious about the affair than Nathan: both because he was naturally kind-hearted and
neighbourly, and also because he was rather proud of his reputation for knowledge in the diseases of cattle. But
because John was about, and Bessy helping a little in what had to be done, Nathan would do nothing, and chose to
assume that nothing to think on ailed th' beast; but lads and lasses were allays fain to be feared on something.' Now
John was upwards of forty, and Bessy nearly eight-and-twenty; so the terms lads and lasses did not exactly apply to
When Bessy brought the milk in from their own cows, towards half-past five o'clock, Nathan bade her make the
doors, and not be running out i' the dark and cold about other folks' business; and, though Bessy was a little
surprised and a good deal annoyed at his tone, she sat down to her supper without making a remonstrance. It had
long been Nathan's custom to look out the last thing at night, to see 'what mak' o' weather it wur'; and when, towards
half-past eight, he got his stick and went out—two or three steps from the door, which opened into the house-place
where they were sitting—Hester put her hand on her niece1s shoulder and said—
'He's gotten a touch o' rheumatics, as twinges him and makes him speak so sharp. I didna like to ask thee afore
him, but how's yon poor beast?'
'Very ailing, belike. John Kirkby wur off for th' cow-doctor when I cam in. I reckon they'll have to stop up wi 't a' night.'
Since their sorrows, her uncle had taken to reading a chapter in the Bible aloud, the last thing at night. He could not
read fluently, and often hesitated long over a word, which he miscalled at length; but the very fact of opening the
book seemed to soothe those old bereaved parents; for it made them feel quiet and safe in the presence of God,
and took them out of the cares and troubles of this world into that futurity which, however dim and vague, was to
their faithful hearts as a sure and certain rest. This little quiet time—Nathan sitting with his hem spectacles, the tallow
candle between him and the Bible throwing a strong light on his reverent, earnest face; Hester sitting on the other
side of the fire, her head bowed in attentive listening; now and then shaking it, and moaning a little, but when a
promise came, or any good tidings of great joy, saying 'Amen' with fervour; Bessy by her aunt, perhaps her mind a
little wandering to some household cares, or it might be on thoughts of those who were absent—this little quiet
pause, I say, was grateful and soothing to this household, as a lullaby to a tired child. But this night, Bessy, sitting
opposite to the long, low window, only shaded by a few geraniums that grew in the sill, and to the door alongside
that window through which her uncle had passed not a quarter of an hour before, saw the wooden latch of the door
gently and almost noiselessly lifted up, as if some one were trying it from the outside.
She was startled, and watched again, intently; but it was perfectly still now. She thought it must have been that it had
not fallen into its proper place, when her uncle had come in and locked the door. It was just enough to make her
uncomfortable, no more; and she almost persuaded herself it must have been fancy. Before going upstairs,
however, she went to the window, to look out into the darkness; but all was still. Nothing to be seen; nothing to be
heard. So the three went quietly upstairs to bed.
The house was little better than a cottage. The front door opened on a house-place, over which was the old couple's
bed-room. To the left, as you entered this pleasant house-place, and at close right angles with the entrance, was a
door that led into the small parlour, which was Hester's and Bessy's pride, although not half as comfortable as the
house-place, and never on any occasion used as a sitting-room. There were shells and bunches of honesty in the
fireplace; the best chest of drawers, and a company set of gaudy-coloured china, and a bright common carpet on
the floor; but all failed to give it the aspect of the homely comfort and delicate cleanliness of the house-place. Over
this parlour was the bedroom which Benjamin had slept in when a boy, when at home. It was kept, still, in a kind of
readiness for him. The bed was yet there, in which none had slept since he had last done, eight or nine years ago;
and every now and then a warming-pan was taken quietly and silently up by his old mother, and the bed thoroughly
aired. But this she did in her husband's absence, and without saying a word to anyone; nor did Bessy offer to help
her, though her eyes often filled with tears, as she saw her aunt still going through the hopeless service. But the
room had become a receptacle for all unused things; and there was always a corner of it appropriated to the winter's
store of apples. To the left of the house-place, as you stood facing the fire, on the side opposite to the window and
outer door, were two other doors; the one on the right led into a kind of back kitchen, and had a lean-to roof, and a
door opening on to the farm-yard and back-premises; the left-hand door gave on the stairs, underneath which was a
closet, in which various house-hold treasures were kept; and beyond that was the dairy, over which Bessy slept, her
little chamber window opening just above the sloping roof of the back-kitchen. There were neither blinds nor shutters
to any of the windows, either upstairs or down; the house was built of stone; and there was heavy framework of the
same material around the little casement windows, and the long, low window of the house-place was divided by
what, in grander dwellings, would be called mullions.
By nine o'clock this night of which I am speaking, all had gone upstairs to bed; it was even later than usual, for the
burning of candles was regarded so much in the light of an extravagance, that the household kept early hours even
for country-folk. But, somehow, this evening, Bessy could not sleep; although in general she was in deep slumber
five minutes after her head touched the pillow. Her thoughts ran on the chances for John Kirkby's cow, and a little
fear lest the disorder might be epidemic and spread to their own cattle. Across all these homely cares came a vivid,
uncomfortable recollection of the way in which the door-latch went up and down, without any sufficient agency to
account for it. She felt more sure now than she had done downstairs, that it was a real movement, and no effect of
her imagination. She wished that it had not happened just when her uncle was reading, that she might at once have
gone quick to the door, and convinced herself of the cause. As it was, her thoughts ran uneasily on the supernatural;
and thence to Benjamin, her dear cousin and playfellow, her early lover. She had long given him up as lost for ever
to her, if not actually dead; but this very giving him up for ever involved a free, full forgiveness of all his wrongs to
her. She thought tenderly of him, as of one who might have been led astray in his later years, but who existed rather
in her recollection as the innocent child, the spirited lad, the handsome, dashing young man. If John Kirkby's quiet
attentions had ever betrayed his wishes to Bessy—if indeed he ever had any wishes on the subject—her first feeling
would have been to compare his weather-beaten, middle-aged face and figure with the face and figure she
remembered well, but never more expected to see in this life. So thinking, she became very restless, and weary of
bed, and, after long tossing and turning, ending in a belief that she should never get to sleep at all that night, she
went off soundly and suddenly.
As suddenly she was wide awake, sitting up in bed, listening to some noise that must have awakened her, but which
was not repeated for some time. Surely it was in her uncle's room—her uncle was up; but, for a minute or two, there
was no further sound. Then she heard him open his door, and go downstairs, with hurried, stumbling steps. She
now thought that her aunt must be ill, and hastily sprang out of bed, and was putting on her petticoat with hurried,
trembling hands, and had just opened her chamber door, when she heard the front door undone, and a scuffle, as
of the feet of several people, and many rude, passionate words, spoken hoarsely below the breath. Quick as
thought she understood it all—the house was lonely—her uncle had the reputation of being well-to-do—they had
pretended to be belated, and had asked their way or something. What a blessing that John Kirkby's cow was sick,
for there were several men watching with him! She went back, opened her window, squeezed herself out, slid down
the lean-to roof, and ran barefoot and breathless to the shippon—
'John, John, for the love of God, come quick; there's robbers in the house, and uncle and aunt 'll be murdered!' she
whispered, in terrified accents, through the closed and barred shippon door. In a moment it was undone, and John
and the cow-doctor stood there, ready to act, if they but understood her rightly. Again she repeated her words, with
broken, half-unintelligible explanations of what she as yet did not rightly understand.
'Front door is open, say'st thou?' said John, arming himself with a pitchfork, while the cow-doctor took some other
implement. 'Then I reckon we'd best make for that way o' getting into th' house, and catch 'em all in a trap.'
'Run! run!' was all Bessy could say, taking hold of John Kirkby's arm, and pulling him along with her. Swiftly did the
three run to the house round the corner, and in at the open front-door. The men carried the hem lantern they had
been using in the shippon; and, by the sudden oblong light that it threw, Bessy saw the principal object of her
anxiety, her uncle, lying stunned and helpless on the kitchen-floor. Her first thought was for him; for she had no idea
that her aunt was in any immediate danger, although she heard the noise of feet, and fierce, subdued voices
'Make th' door behind us, lass. We'll not let 'em escape!' said brave John Kirkby, dauntless in a good cause, though
he knew not how many there might be above. The cow-doctor fastened and locked the door, saying, 'There!' in a
defiant tone, as he put the key in his pocket. It was to be a struggle for life or death, or, at any rate, for effectual
capture or desperate escape. Bessy kneeled down by her uncle, who did not speak or give any sign of
consciousness. Bessy raised his head by drawing a pillow off the settle, and putting it under him; she longed to go
for water into the back kitchen, but the sound of a violent struggle, and of heavy blows, and of low, hard curses
spoken through closed teeth, and muttered passion, as though breath were too much needed for action to be
wasted in speech, kept her still and quiet by her uncle's side in the kitchen, where the darkness might almost be felt,
so thick and deep was it. Once—in a pause of her own heart's beating—a sudden terror came over her; she
perceived, in that strange way in which the presence of a living creature forces itself on our consciousness in the
darkest room, that someone was near her, keeping as still as she. It was not the poor old man's breathing that she
heard, nor the radiation of his presence that she felt; someone else was in the kitchen; another robber, perhaps, left
to guard the old man, with murderous intent if his consciousness returned. Now Bessy was fully aware that
self-preservation would keep her terrible companion quiet, as there was no motive for his betraying himself stronger
than the desire of escape; any effort for which he, the unseen witness, must know would be rendered abortive by
the fact of the door being locked.
Yet, with the knowledge that he was there, close to her still, silent as the grave—with fearful, it might be deadly,
unspoken thoughts in his heart—possibly even with keener and stronger sight than hers, as longer accustomed to
the darkness, able to discern her figure and posture, and glaring at her like some wild beast—Bessy could not fail to
shrink from the vision that her fancy presented! And still the struggle went on upstairs; feet slipping, blows sounding,
and the wrench of intentioned aims, the strong gasps for breath, as the wrestlers paused for an instant. In one of
these pauses, Bessy felt conscious of a creeping movement close to her, which ceased when the noise of the strife
above died away, and was resumed when it again began. She was aware of it by some subtle vibration of the air,
rather than by touch or sound. She was sure that he who had been close to her one minute as she knelt, was, the
next, passing stealthily towards the inner door which led to the staircase. She thought he was going to join and
strengthen his accomplices, and, with a great cry, she sprang after him; but just as she came to the doorway,
through which some dim portion of light from the upper chambers came, she saw one man thrown downstairs, with
such violence that he fell almost at her very feet, while the dark, creeping figure glided suddenly away to the left, and
as suddenly entered the closet beneath the stairs. Bessy had no time to wonder as to his purpose in so doing,
whether he had at first designed to aid his accomplices in their desperate fight or not. He was an enemy, a robber,
that was all she knew, and she sprang to the door of the closet, and in a trice had locked it on the outside. And then
she stood frightened, panting in that dark corner, sick with terror lest the man who lay before her was either John
Kirkby or the cow-doctor. If it were either of those friendly two, what would become of the other—of her uncle, her
aunt, herself? But, in a very few minutes, this wonder was ended; her two defenders came slowly and heavily down
the stairs, dragging with them a man, fierce, sullen, despairing—disabled with terrible blows, which had made his
face one bloody, swollen mass. As for that, neither John nor the cow-doctor was much more presentable. One of
them bore the lantern in his teeth; for all their strength was taken up by the weight of the fellow they were bearing.
'Take care,' said Bessy, from her corner; 'there's a chap just beneath your feet. I dunno know if he's dead or alive;
and uncle lies on the floor just beyond.'
They stood still on the stairs for a moment. just then the robber they had thrown downstairs stirred and moaned.
'Bessy,' said John, 'run off to th' stable and fetch ropes and gearing for us to bind 'em; and we'll rid the house on
'em, and thou can'st go see after th' oud folks, who need it sadly.'
Bessy was back in a very few minutes. When she came in, there was more light in the house-place, for someone
had stirred up the raked fire.
'That felly makes as though his leg were broken,' said John, nodding towards the man still lying on the ground.
Bessy felt almost sorry for him as they handled him—not over-gently—and bound him, only half-conscious, as hardly
and tightly as they had done his fierce, surly companion. She even felt sorry for his evident agony, as they turned
him over and over, that she ran to get him a cup of water to moisten his lips.
'I'm loth to leave yo' with him alone,' said John, 'though I'm thinking his leg is broken for sartin, and he can't stir,
even if he comes to hissel, to do yo' any harm. But we'll just take off this chap, and mak sure of him, and then one
on us 'll come back to yo', and we can, may be, find a gate or so for yo' to get shut on him o' th' house. This felly's
made safe enough, I'll be bound,' said he, looking at the burglar, who stood, bloody and black, with fell hatred on his
sullen face. His eye caught Bessy's, as hers fell on him with dread so evident that it made him smile; and the look
and the smile prevented the words from being spoken which were on Bessy's lips.
She dared not tell, before him, that an able-bodied accomplice still remained in the house; lest, somehow, the door
which kept him a prisoner should be broken open and the fight renewed. So she only said to John, as he was
leaving the house—
'Thou'll not be long away, for I'm afeared of being left wi' this man.'
'He'll noan do thee harm,' said John.
'No! but I'm feared lest he should die. And there's uncle and aunt. Come back soon, John!'
'Ay, ay!' said he, half-pleased; 'I'll be back, never fear me.'
So Bessy shut the door after them, but did not lock it, for fear of mischances in the house, and went once more to
her uncle, whose breathing, by this time, was easier than when she had first returned into the house-place with John
and the doctor. By the light of the fire, too, she could now see that he had received a blow on the head, which was
probably the occasion of his stupor. Round this wound, which was bleeding pretty freely, Bessy put cloths dipped in
cold water; and then, leaving him for a time, she lighted a candle, and was about to go upstairs to her aunt, when,
just as she was passing the bound and disabled robber, she heard her name softly, urgently called—
'Bessy, Bessy!' At first the voice sounded so close that she thought it must be the unconscious wretch at her feet.
But, once again, that voice thrilled through her-
'Bessy, Bessy! for God's sake, let me out!'
She went to the stair-closet door, and tried to speak, but could not, her heart beat so terribly. Again, close to her ear
'Bessy, Bessy! they'll be back directly; let me out, I say! For God's sake, let me out!' And he began to kick violently
against the panels.
'Hush! hush!' she said, sick with a terrible dread, yet with a will strongly resisting her conviction. 'Who are you?' But
she knew—knew quite well.
'Benjamin.' An oath. 'Let me out, I say, and I'll be off, and out of England by to-morrow night, never to come back,
and you'll have all my father's money.'
'D'ye think I care for that?' said Bessy vehemently, feeling with trembling hands for the lock; 'I wish there was noan
such a thing as money i' the world, afore yo'd come to this. There, yo 're free, and I charge yo' never to let me see
your face again. I'd ne'er ha' let yo' loose but for fear o' breaking their hearts, if yo' hanna killed him already.' But,
before she had ended her speech, he was gone—off into the black darkness, leaving the door open wide. With a
new terror in her mind, Bessy shut it afresh—shut it and bolted it this time. Then she sat down on the first chair, and
relieved her soul by giving a great and exceeding bitter cry. But she knew it was no time for giving way; and, lifting
herself up with as much effort as if each of her limbs was a heavy weight, she went into the back kitchen, and took a
drink of cold water. To her surprise, she heard her uncle's voice saying feebly—
'Carry me up, and lay me by her.'
But Bessy could not carry him; she could only help his faint exertions to walk upstairs; and, by the time he was there,
sitting panting on the first chair she could find, John Kirkby and Atkinson returned. John came up now to her aid. Her
aunt lay across the bed in a fainting-fit, and her uncle sat in so utterly broken-down a state that Bessy feared
immediate death for both. But John cheered her up, and lifted the old man into his bed again; and, while Bessy tried
to compose poor Hester's limbs into a position of rest, John went down to hunt about for the little store of gin which
was always kept in a corner cupboard against emergencies.
'They've had a sore fright,' said he, shaking his head, as he poured a little gin and hot water into their mouths with a
tea-spoon, while Bessy chafed their cold feet; 'and it and the cold have been welly too much for 'em, poor old folk!'
He looked tenderly at them, and Bessy blessed him in her heart for that look.
'I maun be off. I sent Atkinson up to th' farm for to bring down Bob, and Jack came wi' him back to th' shippon, for to
look after t'other man. He began blackguarding us all round, so Bob and Jack were gagging him wi' bridles when I
'Ne'er give heed to what he says,' cried poor Bessy, a new panic besetting her. 'Folks o' his sort are allays for
dragging other folk into their mischief. I'm right glad he were well gagged.'
'Well! but what I were saying were this: Atkinson and me will take t1other chap, who seems quiet enough, to th'
shippon, and it'll be one piece o' work for to mind them and the cow; and I'll saddle t' old bay mare and ride for
constables and doctor fra' Highminster. I'll bring Dr Preston up to see Nathan and Hester first; and then, I reckon, th'
broken-legged chap down below must have his turn for all as he's met wi' his misfortunes in a wrong line o' life.'
'Ay!' said Bessy. 'We maun ha' the doctor sure enough, for look at them how they lie—like two stone statues on a
church monument, so sad and solemn!'
'There's a look o' sense come back into their faces though, sin' they supped that gin-and-water. I'd keep on
a-bathing his head and giving them a sup on't fra' time to time, if I was you, Bessy.'
Bessy followed him downstairs, and lighted the men out of the house. She dared not light them carrying their burden
even, until they passed round the corner of the house; so strong was her fearful conviction that Benjamin was
lurking near, seeking again to enter. She rushed back into the kitchen, bolted and barred the door, and pushed the
end of the dresser against it, shutting her eyes as she passed the uncurtained window, for fear of catching a glimpse
of a white face pressed against the glass, and gazing at her. The poor old couple lay quiet and speechless, although
Hester's position had slightly altered: she had turned a little on her side towards her husband, and had laid one
shrivelled arm around his neck. But he was just as Bessy had left him, with the wet cloths around his head, his eyes
not wanting in a certain intelligence, but solemn, and unconscious to all that was passing around as the eyes of
His wife spoke a little from time to time—said a word of thanks, perhaps, or so; but he, never. All the rest of that
terrible night, Bessy tended the poor old couple with constant care, her own heart so stunned and bruised in its
feelings that she went about her pious duties almost like one in a dream. The November morning was long in
coming; nor did she perceive any change, either for the worse or the better, before the doctor came, about eight
o'clock. John Kirkby brought him; and was full of the capture of the two burglars.
As far as Bessy could make out, the participation of that unnatural Third was unknown. It was a relief, almost
sickening in the revulsion it gave her from her terrible fear, which now she felt had haunted and held possession of
her all night long, and had, in fact, paralysed her from thinking. Now she felt and thought with acute and feverish
vividness, owing, no doubt, in part, to the sleepless night she had passed. She felt almost sure that her uncle
(possibly her aunt, too) had recognised Benjamin; but there was a faint chance that they had not done so, and wild
horses should never tear the secret from her, nor should any inadvertent word betray the fact that there had been a
third person concerned. As to Nathan, he had never uttered a word. It was her aunt's silence that made Bessy fear
lest Hester knew, somehow, that her son was concerned.
The doctor examined them both closely; looked hard at the wound on Nathan's head; asked questions which Hester
answered shortly and unwillingly, and Nathan not at all—shutting his eyes, as if even the sight of a stranger was pain
to him. Bessy replied, in their stead, to all that she could answer respecting their state, and followed the doctor
downstairs with a beating heart. When they came into the house-place, they found John had opened the outer door
to let in some fresh air, had brushed the hearth and made up the fire, and put the chairs and table in their right
places. He reddened a little, as Bessy's eye fell upon his swollen and battered face, but tried to smile it off in a dry
kind of way—
'Yo' see, I'm an ould bachelor, and I just thought as I'd redd up things a bit. How dun yo' find 'em, doctor?'
'Well, the poor old couple have had a terrible shock. I shall send them some soothing medicine to bring down the
pulse, and a lotion for the old man's head. It is very well it bled so much; there might have been a good deal of
inflammation.' And so he went on, giving directions to Bessy for keeping them quietly in bed through the day. From
these directions she gathered that they were not, as she had feared all night long, near to death. The doctor
expected them to recover, though they would require care. She almost wished it had been otherwise, and that they,
and she too, might have just lain down to their rest in the churchyard—so cruel did life seem to her; so dreadful the
recollection of that subdued voice of the hidden robber smiting her with recognition.
All this time, John was getting things ready for breakfast, with something of the handiness of a woman. Bessy
half-resented his officiousness in pressing Dr Preston to have a cup of tea, she did so want him to be gone and
leave her alone with her thoughts. She did not know that all was done for love of her; that the hard-featured,
short-spoken John was thinking all the time how ill and miserable she looked, and trying with tender artifices to make
it incumbent upon her sense of hospitality to share Dr Preston's meal.
'I've seen as the cows is milked,' said he, 'yourn and all; and Atkinson's brought ours round fine. Whatten a marcy it
were as she were sick this very night! Yon two chaps 'ud ha' made short work on't, if yo' hadna fetched us in; and,
as it were, we had a sore tussle. One on 'em 'll bear the marks on't to his dying day, wunnot he, doctor?'
'He'll barely have his leg well enough to stand his trial at York Assizes; they're coming off in a fortnight from now.'
'Ay, and that reminds me, Bessy, yo'll have to go witness before Justice Royds. Constables bade me tell yo' and gie
yo' this summons. Dunnot be feared: it will not be a long job, though I'm not saying as it'll be a pleasant one. Yo'll
have to answer questions as to how, and all about it; and Jane' (his sister) 'will come and stop wi' th' oud folks; and
I'll drive yo' in the shandry.'
No one knew why Bessy's colour blenched, and her eye clouded. No one knew how she apprehended lest she
should have to say that Benjamin had been of the gang; if indeed, in some way, the law had not followed on his
heels quick enough to catch him.
But that trial was spared her; she was warned by John to answer questions, and say no more than was necessary,
for fear of making her story less clear; and, as she was known, by character at least, to justice Royds and his clerk,
they made the examination as little formidable as possible.
When all was over, and John was driving her back again, he expressed his rejoicing that there would be evidence
enough to convict the men, without summoning Nathan and Hester to identify them. Bessy was so tired that she
hardly understood what an escape it was; how far greater than even her companion understood.
Jane Kirkby stayed with her for a week or more, and was an unspeakable comfort. Otherwise she sometimes
thought she should have gone mad, with the face of her uncle always reminding her, in its stony expression of
agony, of that fearful night. Her aunt was softer in her sorrow, as became one of her faithful and pious nature; but it
was easy to see how her heart bled inwardly. She recovered her strength sooner than her husband; but, as she
recovered, the doctor perceived the rapid approach of total blindness. Every day, nay, every hour of the day, that
Bessy dared, without fear of exciting their suspicions of her knowledge, she told them, as she had anxiously told
them at first, that only two men, and those perfect strangers, had been discovered as being concerned in the
burglary. Her uncle would never have asked a question about it, even if she had withheld all information respecting
the affair; but she noticed the quick, watching, waiting glance of his eye, whenever she returned from any person or
place where she might have been supposed to gain intelligence if Benjamin were suspected or caught: and she
hastened to relieve the old man's anxiety, by always telling all that she had heard; thankful that, as the days passed
on, the danger she sickened to think of grew less and less.
Day by day, Bessy had ground for thinking that her aunt knew more than she had apprehended at first. There was
something so very humble and touching in Hester's blind way of feeling about for her husband—stern, woe-begone
Nathan—and mutely striving to console him in the deep agony of which Bessy learnt, from this loving, piteous
manner, that her aunt was conscious. Her aunt's face looked blankly up into his, tears slowly running down from her
sightless eyes; while from time to time, when she thought herself unheard by any save him, she would repeat such
texts as she had heard at church in happier days, and which she thought, in her true, simple piety, might tend to
console him. Yet, day by day, her aunt grew more and more sad.
Three or four days before assize-time, two summonses to attend the trial at York were sent to the old people.
Neither Bessy, nor John, nor Jane, could understand this: for their own notices had come long before, and they had
been told that their evidence would be enough to convict.
But, alas! the fact was, that the lawyer employed to defend the prisoners had heard from them that there was a third
person engaged, and had heard who that third person was; and it was this advocate's business to diminish, if
possible, the guilt of his clients, by proving that they were but tools in the hands of one who had, from his superior
knowledge of the premises and the daily customs of the inhabitants, been the originator and planner of the whole
affair. To do this, it was necessary to have the evidence of the parents, who, as the prisoners had said, must have
recognised the voice of the young man, their son. For no one knew that Bessy, too, could have borne witness to his
having been present; and, as it was supposed that Benjamin had escaped out of England, there was no exact
betrayal of him on the part of his accomplices.
Wondering, bewildered, and weary, the old couple reached York, in company with John and Bessy, on the eve of the
day of the trial. Nathan was still so self-contained that Bessy could never guess what had been passing in his mind.
He was almost passive under his old wife's trembling caresses. He seemed hardly conscious of them, so rigid was
She, Bessy feared at times, was becoming childish; for she had evidently so great and anxious a love for her
husband, that her memory seemed going in her endeavours to melt the stoniness of his aspect and manners; she
appeared occasionally to have forgotten why he was so changed, in her piteous little attempts to bring him back to
his former self
'They'll, for sure, never torture them, when they see what old folks they are!' cried Bessy, on the morning of the trial,
a dim fear looming over her mind. 'They'll never be so cruel, for sure?'
But 'for sure' it was so. The barrister looked up at the judge, almost apologetically, as he saw how hoary-headed
and woeful an old man was put into the witness-box, when the defence came on, and Nathan Huntroyd was called
on for his evidence.
'It is necessary, on behalf of my clients, my lord, that I should pursue a course which, for all other reasons, I
'Go on!' said the judge. 'What is right and legal must be done.' But, an old man himself, he covered his quivering
mouth with his hand as Nathan, with grey, unmoved face, and solemn, hollow eyes, placing his two hands on each
side of the witness-box, prepared to give his answers to questions, the nature of which he was beginning to foresee,
but would not shrink from replying to truthfully; 'the very stones' (as he said to himself, with a kind of dulled sense of
the Eternal justice) 'rise up against such a sinner.'
'Your name is Nathan Huntroyd, I believe?'
'You live at Nab-End Farm?'
'Do you remember the night of November the twelfth?'
'You were awakened that night by some noise, I believe. What was it?'
The old man's eyes fixed themselves upon his questioner with the look of a creature brought to bay. That look the
barrister never forgets. It will haunt him till his dying day.
'It was a throwing-up of stones against our window.'
'Did you hear it at first?'
'What awakened you, then?'
'And then you both heard the stones. Did you hear anything else?'
A long pause. Then a low, clear 'Yes.'
'Our Benjamin asking us for to let him in. She said as it were him, leastways.'
'And you thought it was him, did you not?'
'I told her' (this rime in a louder voice) 'for to get to sleep, and not be thinking that every drunken chap as passed by
were our Benjamin, for that he were dead and gone.'
'She said as though she'd heerd our Benjamin, afore she were welly awake, axing for to be let in. But I bade her
ne'er heed her dreams, but turn on her other side and get to sleep again.'
'And did she?'
A long pause—judge, jury, bar, audience, all held their breath. At length Nathan said—
'What did you do then? (My lord, I am compelled to ask these painful questions.)'
'I saw she wadna be quiet: she had allays thought he would come back to us, like the Prodigal i' th' Gospels.' (His
voice choked a little; but he tried to make it steady, succeeded, and went on.) 'She said, if I wadna get up, she
would; and just then I heerd a voice. I'm not quite mysel', gentlemen—I've been ill and i' bed, an' it makes me
trembling-like. Someone said, "Father, mother, I'm here, starving i' the cold—wunnot yo' get up and let me in?"'
'And that voice was—?'
'It were like our Benjamin's. I see whatten yo're driving at, sir, and I'll tell yo' truth, though it kills me to speak it. I
dunnot say it were our Benjamin as spoke, mind yo'- I only say it were like'—
'That's all I want, my good fellow. And on the strength of that entreaty, spoken in your son's voice, you went down
and opened the door to these two prisoners at the bar, and to a third man?'
Nathan nodded assent, and even that counsel was too merciful to force him to put more into words.
'Call Hester Huntroyd.'
An old woman, with a face of which the eyes were evidently blind, with a sweet, gentle, careworn face, came into the
witness-box, and meekly curtseyed to the presence of those whom she had been taught to respect—a presence she
could not see.
There was something in her humble, blind aspect, as she stood waiting to have something done to her—what her
poor troubled mind hardly knew—that touched all who saw her, inexpressibly. Again the counsel apologised, but the
judge could not reply in words; his face was quivering all over, and the jury looked uneasily at the prisoner's counsel.
That gentleman saw that he might go too far, and send their sympathies off on the other side; but one or two
questions he must ask. So, hastily recapitulating much that he had learned from Nathan, he said, 'You believed it
was your son's voice asking to be let in?'
'Ay! Our Benjamin came home, I'm sure; choose where he is gone.'
She turned her head about, as if listening for the voice of her child, in the hushed silence of the court.
'Yes; he came home that night—and your husband went down to let him in?'
'Well! I believe he did. There was a great noise of folk downstair.'
'And you heard your son Benjamin's voice among the others?'
'Is it to do him harm, sir?' asked she, her face growing more intelligent and intent on the business in hand.
'That is not my object in questioning you. I believe he has left England; so nothing you can say will do him any harm.
You heard your son's voice, I say?'
'Yes, sir. For sure I did.'
'And some men came upstairs into your room? What did they say?'
'They axed where Nathan kept his stocking.'
'And you—did you tell them?'
'No, sir, for I knew Nathan would not like me to.'
'What did you do then?'
A shade of reluctance came over her face, as if she began to perceive causes and consequences.
'I just screamed on Bessy—that's my niece, sir.'
'And you heard someone shout out from the bottom of the stairs?'
She looked piteously at him, but did not answer.
'Gentlemen of the jury, I wish to call your particular attention to this fact; she acknowledges she heard someone
shout—some third person, you observe—shout out to the two above. What did he say? That is the last question I
shall trouble you with. What did the third person, left behind, downstairs, say?'
Her face worked—her mouth opened two or three times as if to speak—she stretched out her arms imploringly; but
no word came, and she fell back into the arms of those nearest to her. Nathan forced himself forward into the
'My Lord judge, a woman bore ye, as I reckon; it', a cruel shame to serve a mother so. It wur my son, my only child,
as called out for us t' open door, and who shouted out for to hold th' oud woman's throat if she did na stop her noise,
when hoo'd fain ha' cried for her niece to help. And now yo've truth, and a' th' truth, and I'll leave yo' to th' judgement
o' God for th' way yo've getten at it.'
Before night the mother was stricken with paralysis, and lay on her death-bed. But the broken-hearted go Home, to
be comforted of God.